Examining the revolution in photography that took place across . Europe between 1918 and 1945, this enormous and bold survey orients its examination of the era around three cities, each of which served as a nexus for major developments in the medium: . Paris, . Prague and . Barcelona. . Until the . First . World . War, photography had largely followed the aesthetics of painting; during and after the war, such movements as . Constructivism, . Moholy-. Nagys . New . Vision and . Surrealism led photography to new frontiers, developing techniques and styles that took the medium strictly on its own terms. . Demonstrating the interconnectedness of these tendencies, this volume assesses the contributions of each of these cities. . Photographers based in . Paris during these years include . Man . Ray, . Brassai, . Emmanuel . Sougez, . Hans . Bellmer, . Jacques-. Andre . Boiffard, . Germaine . Krull, . Andre . Kertesz, . Francois . Collar, . Claude . Cahun, . Florence . Henri, . Andreas . Feininger, . Eli . Lotar, . Dora . Maar, . Roger . Parry and . Raul . Ubac; in . Prague, . Josef . Sudek, . Frantisek . Drtikol, . Jaroslav . Rossler, . Eugen . Wiskovsk, . Jaromir . Funke, . Karel . Teige, . Ladislav . Berka, . Jan . Lauschmann, . Josef . Bartuska, . Jindrich . Styrsky and . Karel . Kasparik; and in . Barcelona, . Pere . Catala . Pic, . Josep . Masana, . Josep . Sala, . Josep . Llado, . Emili . Godes, . Antoni . Arissa, . Gabriel . Casas, . Salvador . Dali and . Joaquim . Gomis.